Asbestos Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys

Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys were formerly known as a ‘Type 3’ asbestos survey. Normally, an asbestos surveyor is needed for Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys.

The Control of Asbestos Regulation 2012 has a requirement for all asbestos‑containing materials to be removed, as far as reasonably practicable, before major refurbishment and structural work (Asbestos Refurbishment Survey), or final demolition (Asbestos Demolition Survey).

In both Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys, since the asbestos will be removed rather than ‘managed’, there is no need for a record of the condition of the asbestos‑containing materials other than to indicate areas of damage, or where additional asbestos debris may be present. However, as the asbestos removal may not take place for some while, the condition of asbestos-containing materials is usually assessed so that it can be managed.

Asbestos Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys aim to ensure that:

  • Nobody will be harmed by work on asbestos‑containing materials in the premises or equipment.
  • Such work will be done by the right asbestos contractor in the right way.

Asbestos Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys are ‘fully-intrusive’ so the destructive techniques used will cause asbestos disturbance. That means the survey area must be vacated and then certified ‘fit for reoccupation’ afterwards.

The surveyor may need specialist equipment or assistance and additional advice may have to be sought from a competent person e.g. Structural Engineer, where brickwork is to be removed.

For minor asbestos survey works this would only apply to the room or area to be surveyed, although there must be effective isolation of the survey area (e.g. full floor to ceiling partition). As far as possible furnishings should be removed or protected by sheeting.

When is an Asbestos Refurbishment Survey required?

This is required where the premises, or part of it, need upgrading, structural work and/or refurbishment, or when more intrusive maintenance and repair work will be carried out or for plant removal or dismantling.

As described above destructive inspection techniques will be used to lift carpets and tiles, break through walls, ceilings, cladding and partitions, and to open up floors.

When is an Asbestos Demolition Survey required?

An Asbestos Demolition Survey is required when a building is proposed to be entirely demolished. In line with asbestos guidance, demolition is only utilised as a descriptive when the whole building will be demolished and entirely removed.

As far as is reasonably practicable the Demolition Survey must achieve full identification of all asbestos containing materials within all areas of the building.

As described above, aggressive inspection techniques will be used to lift carpets and tiles, break through walls, ceilings, cladding and partitions, and to open up floors.

Asbestos Refurbishment and/or Asbestos Demolition Survey?

If you are unsure whether you require an Asbestos Refurbishment or Demolition Survey please consult us for advice.

Our asbestos surveyor can assess whether the works required go beyond the scope of an existing Asbestos Management Survey.

For example, if a property requires painting then it is unlikely you would need a more detailed survey. However, if you are rewiring it is likely you will need an Asbestos Refurbishment Survey.

Occasionally an asbestos survey may include two different types of survey on the same building. This might be when a particular part of a building is to be refurbished or demolished and the rest of the property is to remain untouched but still requires a survey (this part of the building would be subjected to an Asbestos Management Survey).

Your Asbestos Refurbishment and/or Demolition Report comprises:‑

A comprehensive, detailed report highlighting the presence (or not) of any asbestos containing materials that were discovered,or were presumed to exist, during the course of the Asbestos Survey, in all accessible areas.

An Asbestos Register which can be used to identify the areas that contain asbestos and monitor its condition. An up‑date action plan on any asbestos containing materials that was found, or was presumed to exist.

Individual risk assessments and recommendations for each item/area of asbestos that is identified.

Drawings, photographs and plans of areas/items that are sampled for asbestos content (or where presumption of asbestos was made) to aid identification and location trace ability.

Advice on the action & treatment of any asbestos containing materials that were detected during the course of the Asbestos Survey.

Advice on periodic inspections and how to keep your Asbestos Register up‑to‑date.

A laboratory analysis Data Sheet showing the results of all samples that were taken during the asbestos survey.


  • All work with asbestos must be done by trained people using proper precautions.
  • You need to use a licensed contractor to work on high risk materials, such as pipe insulation, asbestos insulating panels or sprayed asbestos.
  • You need a trained asbestos contractor even for work on materials such as asbestos cement, textured coatings or vinyl tiles.

Contact us now for expert guidance on Asbestos Refurbishment and Demolition Surveys

Alternatively, telephone us free on 0800 1613382.

We provide nationwide asbestos survey coverage.

For further information check HSE’s website or call HSE’s Infoline: 0845 345 0055.